This is why it is necessary to have at LEAST two sources for this paper. These sources can come from anywhere, but should be the most trustworthy sources that you can find. You are writing a college level paper; make sure that you are using college level sources. For this assignment, cite your sources using the "according to John Smith, " method of citation. If you are familiar with MLA or APA citation style, you can use it, but it is not required at this time.
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The final cause, like the efficient, is extrinsic to the effect, the latter being the cause of the existence of the former, and the former causing the latter, not in its existence , but as to its activity here and now exercised. Efficient causes acting towards ends are distinguished as: (1) acting by intelligence ; or (2) acting by nature . Ultimately, the tendency of the operation of the latter class is resolved into operation by intelligence , since the determined operation following on their nature is, and must be, assigned to an intelligent first cause, either of a particular series, or of all series: . God . Thus deliberative operation is seen not to be of the essence of operation towards the attainment of ends. It is shown that, in no one of the four classes into which causes are differentiated is an infinite progression possible; and, upon the doctrine advanced as to causality in general, and the four classes of causes in particular, are based arguments demonstrating rationally the existence of God . It may be of interest to refer in this section to the exemplary cause, or exemplary ideas , as conceived by St. Thomas . He writes ( Summa theol. I:15:1 ): In all those things that are not generated by chance, it is necessary that form should be the end of the generation of each. But the efficient cause [agens] does not act on account of the form , except in so far as the likeness of the form is in it. And this happens in two ways. (1) For in certain efficient causes the form of the thing to be made pre-exists, agreeably to natural essence , as in those things that act by nature ; as man begets man , and fire produces fire. (2) But in others it pre-exists agreeably to intelligible essence ; as in those things which act by intellect ; as the likeness of the house pre-exists in the mind of the builder.
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